Originally published in 1950, this analysis by three respected activists successfully predicted the future course of Marxism. Their revolutionary critique of industrial civilization possessed a striking originality that was insular in its political context and optimistic in its expectations for the working class. They envisioned that the working class activity would defy trends away from class and social issues and toward the so-called "End of Ideology." Brought forth in a new edition, this viewpoint and others reveals much, even years later, that challenges Marxist and other orthodoxies. "State Capitalism and World Revolution" is the most succinct version of C. L. R. James and his collaborators general conclusions about industrial culture and is a pioneering critique of Lenin and Trotsky, and a reclamation of Marx. This edition includes the original preface from Martin Glaberman and a new introduction from Paul Buhle.