The Rationalists: Descartes: Discourse on Method & Meditations; Spinoza: Ethics; Leibniz: Monadology & Discourse on Metaphysics (Paperback)
Founded in the mid-17th century, Rationalism was philosophy's first step into the modern era. This volume contains the essential statements of Rationalism's three greatest figures: Descartes, who began it; Spinoza, who epitomized it; and Leibniz, who gave it its last serious expression.
About the Author
Ren? Descartes, known as the Father of Modern Philosophy and inventor of Cartesian coordinates, was a seventeenth century French philosopher, mathematician, and writer. Descartes made significant contributions to the fields of philosophy and mathematics, and was a proponent of rationalism, believing strongly in fact and deductive reasoning. Working in both French and Latin, he wrote many mathematical and philosophical works including The World, Discourse on a Method, Meditations on First Philosophy, and Passions of the Soul. He is perhaps best known for originating the statement I think, therefore I am.
Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677) was a Dutch philosopher who was one of the great rationalists of the 17th century; his best known works are his Theological-Political Treatise and Ethics.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, ne a Leipzig le 1er juillet 1646 et mort a Hanovre le 14 novembre 1716, est un philosophe, scientifique, mathematicien, logicien, diplomate, juriste, bibliothecaire et philologue allemand. Il exerca une grande influence sur les cours d Europe, fit passer les mathematiques dans une nouvelle ere. Il est considere comme l un des plus grands penseurs europeens.